Durand Cup: The Durand Cup, initiated by Sir Henry Mortimer Durand in 1888 in Shimla, aimed to boost well-being through sports, initially for Indian Armed Forces. It’s now the world’s third-oldest football event and Asia’s first.
Durand Cup Overview
|Founded||1888 (135 years)|
|Founded at||Shimla, India|
|Founder||Sir Henry Mortimer Durand|
|Organizing Body||Durand Football Tournament Society|
Durand Cup History | Durand Football Origin and Legacy
The Durand Football Tournament, also known as the Durand Cup, was established in 1888 in Shimla.
Sir Henry Mortimer Durand, who served as the Foreign Secretary of British India from 1884 to 1894, took the initiative to inaugurate the Durand Cup.
During his stay in Shimla, primarily driven by health-related considerations, Sir Henry keenly recognized the potential of sports in enhancing physical well-being. This perception motivated him to institute an award aimed at fostering sports competitions across India.
In its initial stages, the tournament was structured as an inter-departmental and inter-regimental competition, specifically tailored for the Indian Armed Forces.
The Durand Cup holds the distinction of being the world’s third-oldest football tournament and the oldest in Asia and India.
Durand Cup Pre-Independence | British Raj Era
The Durand tournament initially focused on military participants, including the British Armed Forces, the Indian Army, and other armed units like frontier-security regiments and volunteer reserve regiments.
The matches were held near Shimla, in a place called Dagshai. The first tournament had Scottish teams competing, and the Royal Scots Fusiliers won with a score of 2–1 against the Highland Light Infantry, putting their name on the trophy.
A predecessor of the Durand Cup was played in 1887, involving only government and civil service teams from Simla. Sir Mortimer Durand was the captain of the runners-up.
During the span of 1914 to 1919, the tournament experienced a hiatus due to the disruptions of World War I. Its revival took place in 1920 as the All India Inter Regiment Football Competition in Shimla, continuing its tournament course until 1938. Unfortunately, the 1939 edition was called off due to the outbreak of World War II.
Amidst World War II challenges in 1940, the Durand Committee moved the tournament to Delhi, allowing non-military teams for the first time. In that same year, the Mohammedan Sporting Club secured victory, earning the distinction of being the first civilian team to claim the title at the Irwin Amphitheater.
The period from 1941 to 1947 saw another interruption in the tournament due to the ongoing World War II and the Partition of India.
Durand Cup Post-Independence | After Partition of India
After India became Independent in 1947, the Durand Cup faced an important decision. Pakistan proposed moving the tournament to Lahore, creating a lot of pressure for this shift. However, strategic intervention by the three Service Chiefs and Sh. H.M. Patel, ICS, Defense Secretary, effectively countered this idea. Instead, they advocated for the tournament to continue in Delhi and opened for civilian clubs and teams. Consequently, the event regained its energy and began anew in 1950. Emerging in the year 1950 post-independence, the tournament’s journey witnessed a replayed final where Hyderabad City Police secured victory over Mohun Bagan AC with a score of 1–0.
In 1962, a distinct pause emerged in the tournament due to the Sino-Indian War, followed by a resumption in 1963.
In 2006, Osian’s became the first non-military group to help organize the Durand Cup together with DFTS. This partnership lasted until 2010 and was meant to make the tournament more exciting and bring back people’s interest in the game.
In the year 2020, the tournament once again experienced an unprecedented halt due to the widespread impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. In 2021, following the challenging year of 2020 marked by the COVID-19 pandemic, a cooperative initiative between the Armed Forces and the Government of West Bengal resulted in a joint hosting arrangement in West Bengal, with the intention to sustain this collaboration until 2025.
Initiated in 2022, the All India Football Federation (AIFF) implemented a directive mandating the participation of all Indian Super League (ISL) clubs in the Durand Cup. This mandate ensured the completion of a minimum of 27 domestic matches, thereby securing eligibility for AFC qualification. As a result of this strategic decision, the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) accorded official recognition to the Durand Cup, designating it as one of India’s cup tournaments.
As a result, during the 131st edition of the tournament for the very first time, all the ISL clubs took part in the competition. They were joined by five I-League clubs that were invited, and the usual armed forces teams.
Durand Cup Trophies
What makes the Durand Cup special is that the team that wins gets three trophies. These are:
- The Durand Cup (a rolling trophy and the original prize)
- The Shimla Trophy (also a rolling trophy and first given by the residents of Shimla in 1904)
- The President’s Cup (for permanent keep and first presented by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, India’s first President, in 1956)
Durand Cup Competition Format
Despite the competition’s early format remains less documented, the current Durand Cup competition format consists of two phases: group stage round and knockouts.
Starting from 2022, the All India Football Federation (AIFF) mandated the participation of all Indian Super League (ISL) clubs, alongside with five invited I-League clubs and the customary armed forces teams. These teams compete in the group stage round.
Following the group stage round, the top teams from each group progress to the knockout stage, heading to a final match where two teams contend for victory.
Durand Cup Results 1888-2022
|Durand Cup Pre-Independence Results (1888-1940)|
|1888||–||Royal Scots Fusiliers||2-1||Highland Light Infantry|
|1889||9 Oct||Highland Light Infantry||8-0||Simla Club|
|1890||10 Oct||Highland Light Infantry||4-2||Royal Irish Regiment|
|1891||30 Oct||King’s Own Scottish Borderers||2-1||East Lancashire Regiments|
|1892||28 Oct||King’s Own Scottish Borderers||3-0||Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders|
|1893||–||Highland Light Infantry||2-1||Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders|
|1894||29 Oct||Highland Light Infantry||1-0||Royal Scots Fusiliers|
|1895||20 Oct||Highland Light Infantry||6-1||Somerset Light Infantry|
|1896||–||Somerset Light Infantry||1-0||The Black Watch|
|1897||26 Oct||The Black Watch||4-0||2nd Punjab (Simla) Volunteer Rifle Corps|
|1898||–||The Black Watch||2-0||North Staffordshire Regiment|
|1899||29 Oct||The Black Watch||2-0||Yorkshire Regiment|
|1900||28 Oct||South Wales Borderers||2-0||East Lancashire Regiment|
|1901||27 Oct||South Wales Borderers||2-1||South Staffordshire Regiment|
|1902||27 Oct||Hampshire Regiment||2-1||East Lancashire Regiment|
|1903||26 Oct||Royal Irish Rifles||1-0||Queen’s Regiment|
|1904||30 Oct||North Staffordshire Regiment||2-0||The Black Watch|
|1905||25 Oct||Royal Dragoons||1-0||Dorsetshire Regiment|
|1906||29 Oct||Cameronians||3-0||Bedfordshire Regiment|
|1907||28 Oct||Cameronians||1-0||Royal Welsh Fusiliers|
|1908||26 Oct||Lancashire Fusiliers||2-0||Royal Irish Rifles|
|1909||25 Oct||Lancashire Fusiliers||2-1||King’s Regiment|
|1910||27 Sept||Royal Scots||1-0||King’s Royal Rifles|
|1911||9 Oct||The Black Watch||1-0||Lancashire Fusiliers|
|1912||9 Oct||Royal Scots||1-0||Lancashire Fusiliers|
|1913||4 Oct||Lancashire Fusiliers||1-0||3rd King’s Royal Rifles|
|1914-19||Tournament not held due to Word War I.|
|1920||16 Oct||The Black Watch||2-1||Cameronians|
|1921||8 Oct||3rd Bn, Worcestershire Regiment||1-0||Royal Welsh Fusiliers|
|1922||8 Oct||2nd Bn, Lancashire Fusiliers||1-0||23rd Brigade, Royal Field Artillery|
|1923||7 Oct||1st Bn, Cheshire Regiment||1-0||2nd Bn, Essex Regiment|
|1924||11 Oct||1st Bn, Worcestershire Regiment||2-0||2nd Bn, Essex Regiment|
|1925||3 Oct||2nd Bn, Sherwood Forcesters||3-1||1st Bn, Worcestershire Regiment|
|1926||2 Oct||Durham Light Infantry||1-0||2nd Bn, Sherwood Forcesters|
|1927||1 Oct||York & Lancaster Regiment||2-0||East India Railways|
|1928||29 Sept||Sherwood Foresters||4-2||York & Lancaster Regiment|
|1929||5 Oct||York & Lancaster Regiment||3-1||East Yorkshire Regiment|
|1930||4 Oct||York & Lancaster Regiment||2-0||Leicestershire Regiment|
|1931||5 Oct||Devonshire Regiment||3-1||Border Regiment|
|1932||1 Oct||Shropshire Light Infantry||2-1||Devonshire Regiment|
|1933||30 Sept||Shropshire Light Infantry||2-1||Leicestershire Regiment|
|1934||1 Oct||“B” Corps Signals||3-1||Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders|
|1935||28 Sept||Border Regiment||1-0||Royal Norfolk Regiment|
|1936||5 Oct||Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders||2-1||Green Howards|
|1937||2 Oct||2nd Bn, Border Regfiment||3-1||2nd Bn, Royal Scots|
|1938||1 Oct||South Wales Borderers||1-0||North-Western Railways Loco Sports Club (Lahore)|
|1939||Tournament not held due to World War II|
|1940||7 Dec||Mohammedan Sporting||2-1||Royal Warwickshire Regiment|
|1941-49||Tournament not held due to World War II and the Partition of India.|
|Durand Cup Post-Independence Results (1950-2022)|
|2023||3-Sep-23||Mohun Bagan||1-0||East Bengal|
|1950-51||1 Jan 1951||Hyderabad Police||2-2 (AET) 1-0 (AET)||Mohun Bagan|
|1951||22 Oct||East Bengal||1-1 (AET) 2-1||Rajasthan Armed Constabulary|
|1952||22 Nov||East Bengal||1-0||Hyderabad Police|
|1953||15 Nov||Mohun Bagan||4-0||National Defence Academy|
|1954||13 Nov||Hyderabad Police||1-1 (AET) 1-0||Hindustan Aircraft Limited|
|1955||27 Nov||Madras Regimental Centre||
0-0 (AET) 3-2
|Indian Air Force|
|1956-57||5 Jan 1957||East Bengal||2-0||Hyderabad Police|
|1957-58||1 Jan 1958||Hyderabad Police||2-1||East Bengal|
|1958||29 Nov||Madras Regimental Centre||1-1 (AET) 2-0||Gorkha XI|
|1959-60||11 Jan 1960||Mohun Bagan||1-1 (AET) 3-1||Mohammedan Sporting|
|1960-61||19 Jan 1961||Mohun Bagan 0-0 East Bengal (Joint Winners declared) 1-1 (AET), 0-0 (AET)|
|1961||22 Nov||Andhra Pradesh Police||1-0||Mohun Bagn|
|1962||Tournament not held due to Sino-Indian War|
|1963||11 Dec||Mohun Bagan||0-0 (AET) 2-0||Andhra Pradesh Police|
|1964||10 Dec||Mohun Bagan||2-0||East Bengal|
|1965-66||9 Jan 1966||Mohun Bagan||2-0||Punjab Police|
|1966-67||11 Jan 1967||Gorkha Brigade||2-0||Sikh Regimental Centre|
|1967-68||11 Jan 1968||East Bengal||1-0||Bengal-Nagpur Railway|
|1968-69||10 Jan||Border Security Force||1-0||East Bengal|
|1969-70||18 Jan||Gorkha Brigade||1-0||Border Security Force|
|1970-71||4 Feb||East Bengal||2-0||Mohun Bagan|
|1971-72||28 Feb||Border Security Force||0-0 (AET) 1-0||Leaders Club|
|1972-73||12 Jan||East Bengal||0-0 (AET) 1-0||Mohun Bagan|
|1973-74||23 Jan||Border Security Force||2-1||Rajasthan Armed Constabulary, Bikaner|
|1974-75||9 Jan||Mohun Bagan||3-2||Jagajit Cotton & Textile Mills|
|1975-76||30 Jan||Border Security Force||1-0||Jagajit Cotton & Textile Mills (JCT)|
|1976||9 Dec||BSF 1-1 JCT Mills (Joint Winners Declared) 1-1 (AET), 0-0 (AET)|
|1977||31 Dec||Mohun Bagan||1-1 (AET) 2-1||Jagajit Cotton & Textile Mills (JCT)|
|1978-79||17 Dec||East Bengal||3-0||Mohun Bagan|
|1979||29 Nov||Mohun Bagan||1-0||Punjab Police|
|1980-81||3 Jan||Mohun Bagan||1-0||Mohammedan Sporting|
|1981||13 Dec||Border Security Force||1-0||Jagajit Cotton & Textile Mills (JCT)|
|1982-83||10 Feb||Mohun Bagan 0-0 East Bengal (Joint Winners Declared) 0-0 (AET)|
|1983||30 Dec||Jagajit Cotton & Textile Mills (JCT)||1-1 (AET) 2-1||Mohun Bagan|
|1984||19 Nov||Mohun Bagan||1-0||East Bengal|
|1985||2 Nov||Mohun Bagan||0-0 (AET) (3-2 Pen)||Jagajit Cotton & Textile Mills (JCT)|
|1986||9 Nov||Mohun Bagan||1-0||East Bengal|
|1987-88||6 Jan||Jagajit Cotton & Textile Mills (JCT)||1-0||Mohun Bagan|
|1988||28 Dec||BSF||3-2||East Bengal|
|1989||30 Dec||East Bengal||0-0 (AET) (3-1 Pen)||Mohun Bagan|
|1990||23 Oct||East Bengal||3-2||Mahindra & Mahindra|
|1991||29 Oct||East Bengal||1-1 (AET) (5-3 Pen)||Border Security Force|
|1992||10 Nov||JCT||1-0||Mohammedan Sporting|
|1993||10 Nov||East Bengal||1-0||Punjab State Electricity Board|
|1994||8 Nov||Mohun Bagan||1-0||East Bengal|
|1995-96||6 Jan||East Bengal||0-0 (AET) (4-3 Pen)||Tata Football Academy|
|1996||23 Nov||JCT||1-0||Al-Naft (Baghdad)|
|1997||14 Oct||Kochin||3-1||Mohun Bagan|
|1998||31 Oct||Mahindra & Mahindra||2-1||East Bengal|
|1999||4 Dec||Salgaocar||0-0 (AET) (3-2 Pen)||East Bengal|
|2000||11 Nov||Mohun Bagan||2-1 (Golden Goal)||Mahindra United|
|2001-02||16 Feb||Mahindra United||5-0||Churchill Brothers|
|2002-03||10 Jan||East Bengal||3-0||Army XI|
|2003||10 Nov||Salgaocar||1-1 (4-3 Pen)||East Bengal|
|2004||10 Nov||East Bengal||2-1||Mohun Bagan|
|2005||17 Dec||Army XI||0-0 (AET)(5-4 Pen)||Sporting Clube de Goa|
|2006||27 Nov||Dempo||1-0||Jagajit Cotton & Textile Mills (JCT)|
|2007||7 Nov||Churchill Brothers||1-0||Mahindra United|
|2008||7 Sept||Mahindra United||3-2 (AET)||Churchill Brothers|
|2009||22 Sept||Churchill Brothers||3-1 (AET)||Mohun Bagan|
|2010||7 Nov||Chirag United||1-0||Jagajit Cotton & Textile Mills (JCT)|
|2011||15 Oct||Churchill Brothers||0-0 (AET) (5-4 Pen)||Prayag United|
|2012||1 Sept||Air India||0-0 (AET) (3-2 Pen)||Dodsal FC|
|2013||19 Sept||Mohammedan SC||2-1||ONGC|
|2014||8 Nov||Salgaocar||1-0||Pune FC|
|2016||11 Sept||Army Green||0-0 (6-5 pen)||NEROCA FC|
|2019||24 Aug||Gokulam Kerala FC||2-1||Mohun Bagan AC|
|2020||Tournament not held due to COVID-19 Pandemic|
|2021||3 Oct||FC Goa||1-0 (AET)||Mohammedan SC|
|2022||18 Sept||Bengaluru FC||2-1||Mumbai City FC|
|Team Performance Data | Durand Cup Winners / Runners-up Tally|
|Rank||Team||Total Wins||Runners-up||Last Win|
|2||Border Security Force||7||2||1988|
|Highland Light Infantry||5||1||1895|
|4||Hyderabad City Police /
Andhra Pradesh Police
|5||Mahindra & Mahindra / Mahindra United||3||3||2008|
|York and Lancaster Regiment||3||1||1930|
|South Wales Borderers||3||0||1938|
|Madras Regimental Centre||2||0||1958|
|King’s Shropshire Light Infantry||2||0||1933|
|King’s Own Scottish Borderers||2||0||1892|
|7||Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders||1||3||1936|
|United / Prayag United||1||1||2010|
|Army XI / Army Red||1||1||2005|
|North Staffordshire Regiment||1||1||1904|
|Royal Irish Rifles||1||1||1903|
|Somerset Light Infantry||1||1||1896|
|Royal Scots Fusiliers||1||1||1888|
|Royal Corps of Signals||1||0||1934|
|Durham Light Infantry||1||0||1926|
1. Which teams have the most wins in the Durand Cup Football Tournament?
Both Mohun Bagan and East Bengal share the record for the most wins, with each team having won the tournament 16 times.
2. Which teams have the most consecutive wins in the Durand Cup Football Tournament?
The record for the most consecutive wins is jointly shared by 4 teams.
> Mohun Bagan achieved this record in (1963, 1964, 1965) and (1984, 1985, 1986).
> East Bengal in 1989, 1990, and 1991.
> Highland Light Infantry in 1893, 1894, and 1895.
> Black Watch in 1897, 1898, and 1899.
3. Which team has made the most appearances in the Durand Cup Football Tournament?
Mohun Bagan holds the record for the most appearances in the tournament, having participated 30 times.